The Truth About Women’s Inequality Is Way Scarier Than The Gender Pay Gap
Brought to you in partnership with Wealthsimple.
Hi and hello! Lauren here reporting back from the dead. Most of you know that I don’t often write articles here on TFD — it’s been a #minute. With the exception of the occasional Design Your Life post, most of my (design-centric) work goes on behind the scenes. But I wanted to come out of my ~editorial hibernation~ to talk about something I feel passionately about. That is, how we as women can further empower ourselves to take control over our finances when, in reality, some of the deck is stacked against us.
“Knowledge is power” is an overused sentiment, but it is a powerful one. Upon graduating college and entering the workforce, I felt generally uneasy, and I had a vague suspicion that women were financially disadvantaged in the workplace and beyond. And, while doing research in preparation to write this article, I found facts and stats that shocked me — even as someone who co-founded a personal finance media entity. I’ve heard countless talks, reads tons of articles, and listened to hours of podcasts and interviews that discuss what I talk about below, and yet every now and again I discover something about, say, maternity leave or the jarring wealth gap, and feel taken aback. But even though it might feel unpleasant to read through these things, the end result is feeling more informed and prepared — and that’s always a positive thing. And not only is it important to talk about the ways in which we can individually do better, it’s also really important that we collectively support and cheer one another on in our efforts and goals along the way. There are strengths in numbers! That being said, here at TFD we are big fans of Wealthsimple because not only are they a great way to invest, but they are committed to supporting young women in their investment journeys and building awareness around inequity. Wealthsimple is an online investing platform that allows you get started investing today, with as little as $1 (hooray for no minimums!). They also have a support team to help answer any questions you might have, so you’re never alone. And, they’re offering TFD readers a special $50 cash bonus for getting started. Check it out here!
So, that all to say I wanted to share some money stats with you that you can use to better equip yourself to make a difference on your financial life — the first among them having to do with the Gender Wealth Gap. And what is it exactly? The GWG is the discrepancy in net worth between men and women, and it’s actually a bigger and more shocking problem than the pay gap. In short, woman are way worse off than men. Shocking, I know. On average, single women own a mere 32 cents for every dollar that single men own. That gap is even greater when broken down by race, with single African-American and Latina women owning less than one cent for every dollar owned by single white men.
Gut punch, check.
According to the NWLC, “Two thirds of the paid labor force is comprised of women, and the percent of women working is higher now than it was before the 2009 recession ended. But, 60 percent of those gains are in the ten largest low-wage jobs in America.” Men are more frequently employed in the highest-paying positions (only 6.4% of CEOs are female), and this means that, over the course of their lives, their strides in net worth vastly outpaces women’s. So the gender pay gap — coupled with the fact that women are investing less and investing later — means that over time, women have less money to invest and lose out on decades of compound interest that their male counterparts simply do not. It also means that woman are 80% more likely than men to live in poverty after retirement. NOT FUN.
Studies show only 53% of millennial women are saving for retirement vs. 71% of millennial men. Women also typically keep more of their assets in cash as opposed to men. According to a BlackRock survey, “Women keep a full 71% in cash…whereas men hold 60%. Cash may feel like zero risk, but it also has zero potential to grow as stocks do over time.”
This is all to say that here’s is an easy strategy to combat this and to close the Wealth Gap, and that is to invest early. An awesome service like Wealthsimple makes it easier to do so.
Another fun topic that always grinds my gears is the shocking state of parental leave here in the U.S. You know who it affects most? You guessed it — women. As someone who wants to have children in the not-so-distant-future, I can tell you these stats are jarring to read. Only 12 percent of women in the private sector here in the U.S. have access to any sort of paid maternity leave.
There is no federal law governing how employers handle maternity leave — it’s up to the states to decide. Sadly, the more you read and the longer you work in corporate America, the more sobering it becomes when you realize that women continue to pay a penalty for choosing to be parents. And according to Elizabeth Warren, “It’s getting worse. How bad is it? Bad enough that motherhood is one of the single strongest predictors of both bankruptcy and poverty in the U.S.”
Per an article from Third Way, “Every child born to or adopted by a woman decreases her income by 4%, such that the average mother makes between 5 and 10% less than she would have otherwise. A man’s income, in contrast, goes up by 6%.” This is shocking but true. Like I mentioned earlier, my general sense of anxiety about how moms are treated in the workplace, and therefore punished financially over the long term, is well founded.
Now, with all this information swirling around the internet that snaps one (read, me) back to reality, it’s easy to imagine women wanting to talk openly about these issues all the time. Right?
Unfortunately, that’s actually not the case. And the reasons why are quite layered and complicated. According to a Fidelity study, “A whopping 80 percent admitted that they have refrained from discussing money with family and friends.” AND! “Just 47% of women feel confident when talking about finances with a financial professional — compared to 77 percent who would be comfortable discussing medical issues with their doctor.”
I am guilty of this! I shy away from giving hard numbers out to people for fear that I will expose myself to judgement, and I’m shy when it comes to negotiating when I know I shouldn’t be. And there are many reasons for this. Money usually is an emotionally fraught topic, and sometimes we fear offending the person we’re in conversation with or evoking ire — or perhaps crossing some invisible line in the social contract that puts us on the defensive. Jean Wilczynski, financial planner and investment advisor at Exencial Wealth Advisors explains the psychological reasoning behind this feeling: “Our self-worth is often tied to our financial wealth, perhaps because that is more easily measurable against someone else’s financial wealth. We, rightly or wrongly, think that others judge our success by how much money we make or have.”
Many women report feeling socialized to view the discussion of money in conversation as taboo — I know I certainly was growing up. To this day, I have to fight my knee-jerk reaction when people discuss salaries. But, this is a habit we must break, as “90% of women will be solely responsible for their finances at some point in their lives.”
Like I said above, these points aren’t fun to read about, and they can make one feel disheartened — but we don’t have to become a part of another bleak statistic. There are things you can do right now to help yourself do better financially. The goal isn’t for all of us to become millionaires, but living comfortably and setting yourself up for a secure retirement is something we should all actively seek out. When we work with real facts, we can create real plans for our future. And we don’t have to go at it alone Wealthsimple is on a mission to provide services and tools to allow humans (including women) to be financially independent and free. Cheers to that!
Image via Unsplash